Today, there are many couples and individuals who long to have a child, but are unable to do so. Some reasons for this could include poor egg quality from the female partner, history of miscarriage, or age of the parents. In other cases, a same-sex couple may wish to start a family, yet is not able to do so in the natural way.
For these types of cases, however, there is a solution. The process of surrogacy involves the use of one woman's uterus to implant and carry the embryo of a child – as well as to carry it through the pregnancy term and deliver the baby – for another. The woman who does so is referred to as a surrogate mother.
In going through the surrogacy process, there are essentially two primary ways of doing so. These include traditional surrogacy and gestational surrogacy. There are some differences in the two processes, including:
Being a surrogate mother can be quite taxing, both physically and emotionally. Oftentimes, the success rate of pregnancies on the first implementation are low, meaning that the surrogate mother must start all over again with any potential medications, vitamins, and other necessities that are suggested in order to make the pregnancy a success.
There is no set fee that surrogate mothers charge. One reason for this is that there are cases where the surrogate mother is related to the intended parent or parents of the child, and others where all are complete strangers.
First time surrogates may charge a smaller fee, whereas an experienced surrogate could charge between $5,000 and $10,000 or more. In cases where a surrogate is carrying multiple fetuses, she is paid an additional fee.
In many cases, the surrogate mother will also be reimbursed for her medical, hospital, and other related charges. These expenses may include the cost of maternity clothing, meals, and other financial expenditures.
When compensating a surrogate mother, the intended parents will either pay in one lump sum or break the total into several payments. If the intended parents are working through a surrogacy agency, the agency will typically charge a fee for the purpose of covering the costs of interviewing and screening surrogates, advertising, and managing the case throughout the pregnancy.